Red Flags – for spotting the victims of human trafficking 
  • Appears to be under someone else’s control
  • Seems to be under surveillance at all times
  • All or most contacts with family, friends, and professionals are controlled and monitored
  • Does not manage their own money or money is largely controlled by someone else
  • Is not in control of their own identification or travel documents 
  • Work excessive hours
  • Is unpaid for their work or paid very little. Live with multiple people in a very cramped space
  • Lives with their employer
  • Has little/no English language skills or knowledge of the local community 
  • Appears to have little privacy or are rarely alone
  • Has visible injuries or scars, such as cuts, bruises, or burns
  • May have injuries around the head, face, and mouth from being struck in the head or face (Sex slaves’ scars tend to be hidden, as on the lower back)
  • Has an untreated illness or infections. Examples being: Diabetes, cancer, TB
  • May have general poor health and/or diseases associated with unsanitary living conditions
  • Uses drugs-victims are often given drugs to keep them dependent 
  • Has STDs, HIV/Aids, pelvic pain/inflammation, rectal trauma, urinary difficulties, abdominal or genital trauma.
  • Exhibits submissive behavior or fearful behavior in the presence of others
  • Exhibits emotional distress such as depression, anxiety, panic attacks, confusion, phobias, disorientation, self-inflicted injuries or suicide attempts
  • Engages in prostitution or living in a brothel
  • Is sexually exploited in strip clubs, massage parlors, pornography
  • Is branded with a tattoo of a man’s name or “Daddy.”
  • Exhibits feelings of helplessness, shame, humiliation, shock, denial, or disbelief
  • Is pregnant as a result of rape or prostitution
  • Additionally, if a minor talks about an older boyfriend or sex with an older man/boyfriend
  • Uses words associated with the commercial sex industry
  • Hangs around commercial sex businesses like strip clubs, massage parlors, adult book/video stores
  • Has stunted growth, or poorly formed or rotting teeth 





Red Flags for Spotting Human Trafficking


We hope you can use these red flags on spotting human trafficking and speak up to help someone in danger



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